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Required and Elective Courses

UDC David A. Clarke School of Law offers a traditional three-year, full-time J.D. program and a four-year, part-time, evening J.D. program. The admission process and graduation requirements are the same for both programs.

To qualify for graduation, a student must complete a course of study consisting of not fewer than 90 credit hours. Required courses (including 14 hours of clinic) account for 66-70 of those credit hours. In addition, students must choose three courses from a list of core courses typically tested on most state bar examinations. Students may choose their remaining credit hours from a diverse menu of elective courses.

Many law students are interested in a general legal education, and are not sure what career path they intend to follow. They are free to choose any combination of electives that sound interesting and round out their general legal education. For students who know they would like to specialize in a certain kind of law, we have developed Pathways to Practice in eight broad practice areas: Civil Rights and Equality; Criminal Law; Family and Juvenile Law; General Transactional Law Practice; Housing and Community Development Law; Immigration Law and Human Rights; Public Service/Public Policy/Government; and Solo and Law Firm Practice.

Courses Required of All Students

  • 1L Lab (P/F)
  • Civil Procedure I and II (6)
  • Clinic I and II (14)
  • Constitutional Law I and II (8)
  • Contracts I and II (6)
  • Criminal Law (3)
  • Criminal Procedure (3)
  • Evidence (4)
  • Law and Justice (1)
  • Lawyering Process I and II (4)
  • Legal Reasoning I and II (4)*
  • Legal Research (1)
  • Moot Court (2)
  • Professional Responsibility (2)
  • Property I and II (6)
  • Torts I and II (6)
*Legal Reasoning I and II are required only for students with a CGPA below 2.5.

Plus three additional courses from the following 'core' courses:

  • Administrative Law (3)
  • Business Organizations I (3)
  • Business Organizations II (3)
  • Commercial Law (UCC)(4)
  • Conflict of Laws (3)
  • Family Law (3)
  • Federal Courts (3)
  • Federal Taxation (3)
  • Remedies (3)
  • Wills and Estates (3)

Upper Level Writing Requirement (ULWR)

Research and Legal Analysis Writing Requirement
Students may satisfy this requirement by completing successfully one of five alternative writing options: 1) Independent Study paper; 2) Seminar paper; 3) Law Review note or comment; 4) Advanced Legal Writing or Special Problems in Criminal Law course; or 5) Outside Writing Competitions (Moot Court or other).

Applied Legal Writing Requirement
The second component of the ULWR is a Clinic Portfolio. Students may meet the Clinic Portfolio requirement by producing at least two original written products – one from each clinic in which they earn credit. Written products may include a variety of types of documents that demonstrate competency in Written Communication and Legal Analysis.


Mini-Bar Requirement

The School of Law offers a diagnostic "mini-bar" exam for all students, the successful completion of which is a graduation requirement. This exam is scheduled after the first and second years of law school for full-time students; and after the first, second and third years of law school for part-time students. Students who do not achieve a passing score are required to enroll in the Legal and Bar Success Foundations course in the spring of their final year of law school.


Elective Courses Offered Every Year
  • Administrative Law
  • Advanced Criminal Procedure
  • Advanced Legal Writing
  • Business Organizations I and II
  • Civil Rights in the 21st Century
  • Commercial Law (UCC)
  • Conflict of Laws
  • Employment Discrimination
  • Externship and Externship Seminar
  • Family Law
  • Federal Courts
  • Immigration Law
  • Immigration Law Seminar
  • Legal and Bar Success Foundations
  • Remedies
  • Tax I (Personal)
  • Trial Advocacy
  • Wills and Estates
Elective Courses Offered As Often As Feasible
  • Advanced Legal Research
  • Alternative Dispute Resolution
  • Death Penalty Law
  • Demonstration Law Seminar
  • Environmental Law
  • Forensic Evidence
  • Gender and Sexual Orientation Under the Law
  • Health Law
  • Intellectual Property Law
  • International Law
  • International Human Rights Seminar
  • Labor Law
  • Law Office Management
  • Legal Drafting
  • Mass Communication Law
  • Negotiations
  • Race and the Law
  • Service Learning Seminar
  • Social Justice and Criminal Justice Seminar
  • Social Security Disability
  • State and Local Government
  • System Change: Theory and Practice
  • Tax Practice and Procedure
  • Veterans Benefits Law and Practicum

Pathways to Practice


Course descriptions for required, core and elective courses can be found in the Course Catalog. Detailed graduation requirements can be found in the Student Handbook.


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